I have a simple web literacy model. When confronted with a dubious claim:
Check for previous fact-checking work Go upstream to the source Read laterally
That’s it. There’s a couple admonitions in there to check your emotions and think recursively, but these three things — check previous work, go upstream, read laterally — are the core process.
We call these things strategies. They are generally usable intermediate goals for the fact-checker, often executed in sequence: if one stops panning out, then you go onto the next one.
The reason we present these in sequence in this way is we don’t